Epileptic Seizure Detection Using the EEG Signal Empirical Mode Decomposition and Machine Learning
Empirical Mode Decomposition
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractEpileptic seizures affect millions of people worldwide. Medical treatments exist to help lessen the severity of the damage caused by these seizures. However, people with epilepsy still struggle with unexpected seizures. People who experience epileptic seizures have Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals that show different features in comparison to a healthy brain. In this study, EEG signals are studied to detect the seizures. The incoming signals are denoised by using linear phase filters. In next step these are divided in fix-length segments. Then, each segment is broken down using the Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) into Intrinsic Mode Functions (IMFs). For an automatic identification of EEG signals, features are extracted from the collected IMFs and then processed using machine learning techniques. A dataset on epilepsy that is available to the public is used for evaluation. To determine which is the best predictor for the under-consideration dataset, four different classification methods are performed and the results are examined. The system achieves a classification accuracy of 96.70%.
DepartmentElectrical and Computer Engineering