SubjectArtificial intelligence (AI)
Motor imagery (MI)
Brain Computer Interface
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractA brain-computer interface (BCI) is a connection path among brain and an external device. Motor imagery (MI) is proven to be a useful cognitive technique for enhancing motor skills as well as for movement disorder rehabilitation therapy. It is known that the efficiency of MI training can be enhanced by using BCI approach, which provides real-time feedback on the mental attempts of the subject. Artificial intelligence (AI) methods play a key role in detecting changes in brain signals and converting them into appropriate control signals. In this paper, we focus on brain signals that have been obtained from the scalp to control assistive devices. In addition, signal denoising, feature extraction, dimension reduction, and AI techniques utilized for EEG-based BCI are evaluated. Moreover, Bagging and Adaboost are utilized to classify MI task for BCI using EEG signals. Different classifiers are used to enhance the performance of detecting the signals from the brain and make it on the real time and controlling any lateness. MI related brain activities can be categorized efficiently via AI techniques. This paper utilizes wavelet packet decomposition feature extraction approach to improve MI recognition accuracy. The proposed approach classifies MI-related brain signals using ensemble techniques. The results show that the proposed framework surpasses the traditional machine learning approaches. Furthermore, the proposed Adaboost with k-NN ensemble approach also yields a greater performance for MI classification with 94.57% classification accuracy for subject independent case.