The Role of Criticism in Architectural Education: An Experimental Model for Enhancing the Architectural Students' Critical Skills in Design Studio
AuthorMohammed, Mohammed F. M.
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AbstractThe study descends from the group of studies that bragged about the development of the architectural education process. It focuses on enhancing the cognitive panes and dimensions in the education process. The study raises some questions about the architectural design objectives and philosophies and its success in achieving the goals of the educational process, where architectural design is referred to as being at the ‘core’ of architectural education. The study gives attention to the architectural design approach to scrutinize the defective features to struggle to solve one of these panes. It relies on a collective methodology that manages architectural design as a creative process, which tries to acquire suitable solutions for the problems of the surrounding society and environment within a collective framework. The study argues the problem of the absence of a structured framework to develop the critical skills of the architectural student as a mean for enhancing his/her higher mental skills. Consequently, the study aims to structure an experimental model to improve the self-critical skills of architectural students. The study adopted an empirical approach that relies on two main axes: The first axis is the analytical study with a preliminary chapter followed by three theoretical parts; the second axis is the applied study with one part, While the final chapter focuses on the results and recommendations.
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How to Think Architecture: Inspirational Note to Architecture StudentsMohammed, Mohammed F. M.; Ibrahim, Mohsen; College Collaboration; JOUD K. SAMMAKIEH; Architecture; MOHAMMED, MOHAMMED F. M. (UNIVERSAL PUBLISHERS, 2022-08-08)This bilingual book addresses both the Arabic speaker and international student in a methodic four-sectioned journey. It takes the reader from theory to practice by knocking on the doors of multiple architecture-related avenues. It addresses a range of theoretical and applied architectural issues. These start from how a student should think and how to be creative, as well as to show the context in which graduates will work. It then takes the reader through the main basic pillars of architecture. This is imbued with a pragmatic tackling of how architects design. The final section is dedicated to a hand-picked number of selected projects that are analyzed.
Transformable Architecture, A key to Improve stadiums & sports buildings.Mohamed, Mady; Abu Elfadle, Hussein; External Collaboration; Environmental Design of Buildings Lab; Architecture; Mohamed, Mady (Housing &Building National Research Center, 2013-01-15)Nowadays, needs are changing rapidly. New technologies are developed to achieve responsive architecture trends to these changes. One of these trends is called Transformable Architecture. Transformable architecture is listed under the kinetic architecture. It is defined as buildings – in a fixed place - that can change its form, configuration and properties, for a need or a purpose. Its applications are varied from moving the roof structure, building spaces, façade components and interior components and furnishing. Roof structure can be moved by different ways, by moving roof parts; like overlapping, or by transforming roof structure; like retraction or deploying. By such, transformable architecture introduces a lot of solutions, which can improve the buildings' functional, environmental, aesthetic and economic properties. Functional properties, as making the building alters its function to another, change its form and configuration to host another event. Environmental properties, that makes the building able to host events throughout the year and making it energy efficient. Aesthetic properties, -which caused by motion – as it makes the building attractive with appropriate visual impact. As a result, the economic properties of the building are improved. So, there is no need to construct very expensive wide span buildings for each game. Particularly, in large crowded cities like Cairo (the capital city of Egypt), where there is no enough free area for such activities. Also, there is an ability to increase income by multi-use, energy efficiency, and tourism attraction. Hence, transformable architecture is a key to improve stadiums and sports buildings, and in turn improve its functional, environmental, aesthetic and economic properties. This paper tries to highlight the role of transformable architecture in stadiums and show the importance of improving stadium abilities and properties. This is done through review the literature and analyses a number of case studies in order to investigate the different impacts of employing this technique in their buildings. A number of recommendations on using such technique in Egyptian stadiums and sports buildings are drawn as key directions to improve them.
Investigating the intelligence of the low-tech earth architecture of the Sahara: A feasibility study from the western desert of Egypt.Mohamed, Mady; Gado, Tamer; Osman, Medhat; External Collaboration; Environmental Design of Buildings Lab; Architecture (Earthscan, 2010-07-13)Traditional building techniques such as earth construction have withstood the test of time. Its effectiveness and intelligence in responding to the socio-cultural and climatic context of many regions across the world have been well demonstrated. This article is concerned with the technical and social factors that led to the decline of this intelligent-architecture approach in the Sahara desert. The article investigates the potential and constraints of reintroducing earth construction architecture in four of the six western desert oases as case studies. These oases form the New Valley Governorate of Egypt: Baharia, Farafra, Al-Dakhla and Al-Kharja. Two field studies were undertaken. The first took place during a research trip that included Cairo, Giza, the four oases and Luxor, while the second was conducted in Al-Dakhla only. The results suggest a strong possibility for reusing earth architecture in the four oases from the environmental point of view. However, a number of limitations were identified – durability, buildability and the attractiveness of the mud architecture to the locals. Validation of the results and addressing those constraints are the focus of future work to assess the thermal performance of vernacular and modern case studies in the oases under investigation.