Recent Submissions

  • 3D Printing for Smart Urbanism: Towards City Livability

    Mohamed, Abeer Samy Yousef; No Collaboration; NA; NA; NA; Architecture; NA; Mohamed, Abeer Samy Yousef (Springer, 2024-01)
    mart Urbanism must promote sustainability and Livability to rescue mother earth. 3D printing-based building technology is a new construction technique that began with the advent of the 3D printer in urban planning, especially in smart cities. Contour Crafting, one of the most current technologies, is a promising procedure that has the potential to revolutionize the building sector soon. This technology offers various advantages, including cost and time savings, less environmental damage, and fewer injuries and fatalities on construction sites. The application of BIM in the field of 3D printing is still limited as well related research, while BIM has reached an excellent achievement in the normal structure processes for many years. The new integration methodology this study promote is a creative strategic planning guidelines to identify the hierarchical work-flow steps for applying BIM (Building Information Modeling) with 3D printing building technology to enhance Smart Urban Planning and help achieve city livability as a new promising integration in city planning and construction field as well. This integration will improve energy efficiency, design, cost reduction, structure isolation, and, most importantly, increase city sustainability by aligning to Livability. The proposed new framework visioning is an essential part of smart Urbanism to achieve City Livability.
  • Smart energy solutions: two-way energy information exchange between utility companies, consumers, and prosumers

    Kashef, M, O, A Troisi, Visvisi; External Collaboration; NA; 0; 0; Architecture; 0; Kashef, Mohamad (Routledge, 2023-06-01)
    Smart cities are gradually but surely developing the infrastructure and system architecture required for integrating public and private energy services. With the mounting evidence that fossil fuels are detrimental to the environment, it is imperative to integrate renewable energy sources with existing utility infrastructure. The monopoly of utility companies on energy production and distribution is being eroded due to the proliferation of renewable energy sources (RES) from private prosumers (producers/consumers). Prosumers have developed some capacity to generate a power surplus that exceeds their immediate needs. Individuals and group prosumers have created energy communities with infrastructural and technological ecosystems that allow them to generate, control, monitor, and trade power over private and public utility networks. Multi-layered wireless mesh networks (WMN) that connect multi-sensor modules (MSM) and big data analytics servers with built in AI capacity are facilitating the development of smart energy solutions. They will revolutionize the energy sector and reconfigure the process of energy production, distribution, and information sharing among individuals, communities, and existing utility companies. Considering the fact that (i) the pace of urbanization increases, (ii) energy demand in (smart) urban spaces grows, and (iii) prosumers and, so energy communities, play an ever more important role also in the (smart) city context space, the objective of this chapter is to review the existing smart energy systems and the prospect of their application in the smart city space. The notions of energy supply and demand for energy and the role of energy communities will form the thread of the discussion in this chapter.
  • Livable City: Broadening the Smart City Paradigm, Insights from Saudi Arabia

    Samy, Prof. Dr. Abeer; No Collaboration; Architecture (Springer, 2023-03-15)
    Quality of life, or Livability, is one of the most important objectives for any community worldwide. Over decades, people have recognized that some features can make places more or less livable. Whereas urbanism is the transformation of rural society into an urban one, the smart city is a paradigm that aims at employing technology to improve, in essence, Livability through sustainable integration of technology, the natural environment, and people’s needs. In line with the Saudi Vision 2030 objectives, which aim to take its cities to a level of sustainable urbanization that improves the Quality of Life, the Saudi Green initiative was announced early in 2021 to be the solid foundation for livable cities. This paper examines these developments and, against this backdrop, introduces a new feature to the smart cities paradigm, i.e., Livability.
  • Modeling Tactical Urbanism: A Contemporary Approach for Urban Regeneration

    Ragab, Tarek; Department Collaboration; Architecture; Ragab, Tarek (Springer Cham, 2023-01)
    Urban regeneration aims, among other objectives, to revive the city’s declined and sluggishly animated public spaces. Nevertheless, most of these projects target the city’s principal public spaces, such as central parks, squares, downtown, and waterfronts. Whether selectively, consecutively, or collectively carried out, the magnitude of these projects usually drains the city’s budget as they consume extended times, resulting in a few numbers being implemented in those primary spaces and fewer directed to the city’s secondary spaces. This paper focuses on developing a strategic multi-tiered framework to revive underutilized public spaces considering the time and cost layers. Such a framework builds on the employment of “local events” as a viably flexible and low-cost “Temporary Urbanism” tactic to revive poorly utilized city spaces of different grades. The research employs a qualitative and a desktop analysis approach to develop a framework to assist the city’s stakeholders in taking necessary and efficient actions to activate the city’s spaces as a parallel tool for traditionally used urban regeneration approaches.
  • Rijal Almaa and Local Tourism in Saudi Arabia

    Ibrahim, Asmaa; Hoque, Nawal; Department Collaboration; 2; Architecture; Hoque, Nawal
  • Reviving the Identity of Jeddah City Through Revitalizing the “Souq” in Al-Balad

    Ibrahim, Asmaa; Al Ghamdi, Hatoon; Department Collaboration; 1; Architecture; Alghamdi, Hatoon
  • Child-Friendly Open Spaces: Towards Safety in Residential Neighborhoods

    Mohammed, Mohammed F. M.; College Collaboration; Architecture; Masri, Hala I. (Springer, 2022-11)
    Rapid urbanization, high traffic density, and lack of open spaces are noticeable challenges that impose several repercussions on children within the urban context and restrict them from living a normal childhood. Independent mobility is reduced according to the spatial deprivation of children from pedestrian experiences in urban environments. Consequently, children’s opportunities for active engagement and participation in social life will be diminished. Residing in safe environments is a fundamental right that should be granted to all children around the world. Recently, child-friendly urban design has gained a lot of attention due to its remarkable advantages as it brings children’s needs and desires into practice. Creating safe, child-friendly open spaces contributes to protecting children from traffic injuries and crimes while at the same time stimulating their imagination and nurturing communication skills. This paper addresses the topic of safe, child-friendly open spaces in residential neighborhoods, which can significantly improve the life, health, and growth of children with a focus on social and traffic aspects within the urban context. Identifying the design principles of safe, child-friendly open spaces is the main aim that will be tackled. To achieve this goal, the research will follow a theoretical approach by applying a qualitative research methodology through historical interpretation and understanding of the main characteristics and design principles of child-friendly open spaces. This would be followed by an evaluative analysis of a related case-study. The expected results of this research are planned to introduce an adapted design model for safe child-friendly open spaces in residential neighborhoods for the local context of Saudi cities with more focus on both social and traffic safety aspects.
  • Building Technology Sustainablism—New Vision

    Samy, Prof. Dr. Abeer; No Collaboration; Architecture (Springer, 2022-08)
    The concern of the world at present to preserve the environment and the life of human societies on earth represents the most important global trends, and the subsequent trend towards sustainability that aims at the development that enables the enjoyment of the environmental resources and natural values that we use now. Therefore, development must be dealt with broad insight in terms of the temporal dimension, as well as advanced methods and creative ideas for dealing with natural resources require the concerted efforts of both architects, constructors, planners, and researchers in cooperation with decision-makers to focus on environmentally friendly technologies, especially in the field of building and construction technology. According to this vision, the paper analyzes the technical revolution in building technology from a sustainable perspective, then monitored its implications on architecture and associated urbanism, considering the promotion of sustainable architecture and the rationalization of building methods and energy consumption, to propose new pillars Building Technology Sustainablism Framework.
  • Sick Neighborhood Syndromes in Hot Dry Climate

    Mohamed, Mady; Elessawi, Widad; El-Shafie, Mervat; Alwaer, Husam; External Collaboration; Urben Design Lab; Master of Science in Urban Design; 1; Elessawi, Widad (Springer International Publishing, 2023-01-02)
    The neighborhood has become the focus of attraction of urban planners, designers and architects. Over the last two decades, the field of study of the neighborhood and its relationship with health has witnessed an explosion of interest. Several researchers investigated neighborhood problems and its impacts on well-being. Different urban problems vary in mental and physical health impacts. A lot of longitudinal and cross-sectional research linked the characteristic of neighborhood whether physical or social to the health condition of the community. Furthermore, heart disease, skin disorder, cancer diabetes, depression and drug use are some of the health problems that an individual might face while living in an insufficient neighborhood particularly in harsh climate conditions. In desert climate, thermal low performance can lead to urban problems such as the well-known phenomenon “Urban Heat Island (UHI)”. The later can lead to several illness syndromes for residents. Reviewing the literature revealed a gap in the knowledge on the detailed relationship between the urban design elements and the sick health syndrome. This paper discusses the negative impact of the neighborhood design elements and its interconnection with illness syndromes. Similar to the Sick Building Syndrome (SBS), the paper introduces a new term to define the relationship between the urban design elements and the sick health syndromes which is “Sick Neighborhood Syndrome” (SNS).
  • Promoting Social Interaction Through Jeddah’s Neighborhood Parks Design

    Mohamed, Mady; Almohandes, Hend; No Collaboration; Urben Design Lab; Master of Science in Urban Design; 1; Almohandes, Hend (Springer International Publishing, 2023-01-02)
    This research examines the design attributes with potential impact on social interactions in neighborhood parks. This includes accessibility, plants, maintenance, shading devices, lighting, walking paths, active and passive activities, seating, as well as water elements. It develops a theoretical framework of the neighborhood park design that promotes social interaction for assessing neighborhood park design and the level of social interaction in this park within the context of Jeddah city, KSA. It adopts the case study approach to investigate one study site in Jeddah city. It uses an array of qualitative strategies for data collection to test the validity of the theoretical framework in actual context including self-directed/closed-ended questionnaires, direct observation, and physical documentation. In addition to this, a non-participative, structured observation method will be used to record basic data about the level of social interaction in the selected case study. The main findings of this research contribute to generating design guidelines for neighborhood parks within the urban context of Jeddah City in Saudi Arabia to promote social interaction.
  • Investigating the Effect of Urban Form on Heat Island Phenomena: Case Study of Jeddah, KSA

    Mohamed, Mady; Ragab, Tarek; Aburuzaiza, Amani Ahmad.; No Collaboration; Urben Design Lab; 1; Master of Science in Urban Design; Aburuzaiza, mani Ahmad A (Springer International Publishing, 2023-01-02)
    This study is to debate urban forms embraces urban heat island adaptation and mitigation actions. It also aims to investigate the effect of urban design impacts, to develop strategies for reducing urban heat island influences with a good preparation for climate change adaptation, and to contribute in improving quality of urban life. In order to achieve the objectives of this study, the scientific methodology was used due to its suitability to the nature of the research, which depends mainly on three stages; record facts from the field build a preliminary theory from the literature review, and experimental situations. Several approaches have been used: data collection, literature review, preparation through data bases, probability analysis using SPSS program, and Space Syntax analysis. The study investigates two districts in Jeddah which are Al-Balad and Al-Basateen. The results show differences in temperature between the two districts at the same time schedule. The factors impacting this urban heat island’s result were attributed to different urban fabric between the two districts. The study recommends decreasing urban heat island by using robust structures, increasing the use of plants in design, and implementing an effective urban design. Design Strategy Properties of urban materials, particularly, solar, reflectance, thermal emissivity and heat capacity, also influence the development of urban heat island as they determine how the suns energy is reflected, emitted, and absorbed. The contribution of this study is the formulation of asset of strategies and principles that can help directing designers to transform these defunct downtowns into sustainable urban cores for people to live, work, play and visit.
  • Managing Safety and Security in the Smart City: Covid-19, Emergencies and Smart Surveillance

    Kashef, Mohamad; Visvizi, Anna; Troisi, Orlando; Architecture (Springer Nature, February 2)
    The chapter examines the role and potential inherent in surveillance systems in smart cities today. The Covid-19 pandemic and the resultant restrictions to mobility, on the one hand, and the need for strengthened enforcement measures highlighted the already existing weaknesses and contingencies besetting surveillance in smart cities. The chapter makes a case that the adoption of smart city surveillance and infrastructure management systems may contribute to the improvement of safety and security in the smart city as well as to an overall enhancement of the smart city’s resilience. The discussion in this chapter focuses on the complex processes of data acquisition, data sharing, and data utilization to explain in which ways they all add to smart surveillance systems that—while aware of individual freedoms and privacy issues—contribute to the process of making a smart city resilient. To showcase the applicability of these findings, a wireless mesh network (WMN) surveillance system is presented.
  • Smart Cities or Smart People: The Role of Smart People to Achieve Integrative Vision

    Ibrahim, Asmaa; Architecture (Springer Nature, 26 May 202)
    The smart city concept has emerged in Egypt in the last 5 years with the start of the fourth generation of new cities, creating a gap between the policies dealing with new versus existing cities. In fact, the proposed strategic master plans for existing cities lacked the components of smartness and the true engagement of stakeholders. It rather focused on meeting the challenges resulting from the over densification, and informalities by a participatory approach that is still missing an appropriate common language between all stakeholders. The authors argue that smart cities’ vision will contribute to solving the issues of cities if linked to the regional context, especially involving new cities while achieving local resilience. The case of New Alamein and old Alamein is a clear interpretation that will be discussed and analyzed to determine the way forward to achieve the integrative vision. This chapter addresses the importance of an integrated approach that would ensure the successful implementation of the smart cities’ initiative in both new and existing cities through empowering the utilization of physical, human, and economic resources of the country. Particularly, the chapter provides insights into how to engage the various stakeholders to contribute to the Egyptian agenda 2030 to place the existing Egyptian agglomerations on the map of sustainable smart cities. The authors will provide recommendations on how to achieve a dynamic inclusion of all stakeholders, emphasizing their role to build sustainable, resilient, and smart cities. This would imply to determine the difference of scale, and level of smartness required to achieve a smart integration.
  • The Sustainable Strategy to Create Decentralized Economic Hubs for Regional Development

    Ibrahim, Asmaa; Abdel Latif, Tarek; Rasmy, Mohammed; Architecture
    Objectives—The study aims to facilitate the establishment decentralized economic regional hubs to achieve social equity, enhance economic productivity, and attain the sustainable regional development taking Egypt as a case study. The study is based on the integration between the economic regional hubs and existing small and medium cities in the region to achieve a decentralization strategy for the metropolitan and capital cities. Methods—The study uses qualitative methods to analyze the existing centers in Egypt and accordingly proposes a spatial distribution to create decentralized economic hubs. Results—The results highlight proposed planning strategies for the decentralized economic hubs that policymakers can apply to achieve socioeconomically sustainable development for the regions. Conclusion—The results of this study potentially benefit decision-makers, economists, and planners who aim to implement decentralized economic hubs and achieve sustainable development for a region. This will help increase GDP and attract high-skilled labor to a region and thus would help decentralize political capitals.