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  • Socio-Cultural Environment: Spotting Implication of Globalization on Sustainability

    Khamis, Noha; University Collaboration; NA; N/A; N/A; Design; N/A; Khamis, Noha (IntechOpen, London, UK, 2024-04-25)

    Abouelfadl, Mirhan; Ahmed, Asmaa; Essawi, Ekram; Zaeid, Abdel Nasser H; No Collaboration; NA; 0; Ekram Essawi, Asmaa Ahmed, and Abdel Nasser H. Zaied; Design; 0; et al. (2021-01)
    Education is a powerful driver of sustainable development; it plays a very pivotal role in securing socio-economic growth. Developed and developing countries give considerable dedication to reviewing and modifying their educational systems, since education comes among their significant priorities aiming to prepare citizens and societies for the future. Hence, higher education reform is essential for the achievement of developmental goals. This paper sheds light on the major trends that are significantly influencing the development of the higher education sector in Egypt to a great extent. Different megatrends are identified under the domains, interaction and visualisation application, and Learning Management Systems (LMS) platforms. The proposed trends are expected to have a sound impact on the development of the education sector in Egypt. The impact of those technologies on educational development is sourced from the literature review. Several interviews were conducted with experts from different domains to identify several developmental opportunities. The results of the interviews were summarized, and recommendations were presented. These recommendations are directed for policy and decision-makers in the field of higher education to influence the development of the sector for a competitive nation.
  • The Evolution of Japanese Design: Application and User Perspectives in New Product Development

    Khalifa, Sajid; Shehadah, Dena; No Collaboration; NA; Dena Shehadah; NA; Design; NA; Khalifa, Sajid (Springer, 2024-05-11)
    The evolution of aesthetics is a constant process, as designers adapt to new materials and knowledge while preserving the essence of their craft. Japanese design embodies this principle, as it has evolved over time while remaining true to its original purpose. This paper aims to investigate the evolution of Japanese design aesthetics from the Prehistoric Jomon period to the contemporary Japanese design of the twenty-first century, while through specific survey, explores how users interact and perceive Japanese design, and what are the factors that influence their preferences and knowledge of Japanese design. The paper begins by exploring the characteristics of Japanese design that have remained consistent over time, such as attention to detail, simplicity, and harmony with nature, which are clearly identified in furniture in this research. It then looks into how Japanese designers have incorporated new materials and techniques into their work, including the influence of Western design styles in the Meiji period and the integration of digital technology in contemporary Japanese design using number of case studies as research method. The paper also examines specific case studies of Japanese design, including the concept of “The Structure of Iki,” which embodies the Japanese aesthetic of understated elegance, and the use of “wagara” patterns, which are inspired by nature and traditional Japanese art. In addition to analysing the visual aspects of Japanese design, and conducting survey to gauge the users’ interaction and knowledge. The paper also considers the philosophical side of Japanese aesthetics, including the concept of wabi-sabi, which celebrates imperfection and impermanence. By exploring the cultural and historical context of Japanese design, this paper offers insights into the ways in which tradition and innovation have shaped Japanese design aesthetics. Throughout the paper, the focus is on how Japanese design, specifically, furniture to an extent, has evolved while maintaining its core principles, making it a renowned leader in minimalist design. By understanding the evolution of Japanese design, designers can gain insights into how to adapt to new materials and technologies while preserving the essential qualities that make their work unique and timeless.
  • Culinary Academy as a Multicultural Status: Interior Design Perspective

    Abdelrazik, Ahmed; Aljishi, Reem; No Collaboration; NA; 1; 0; Design; 0; Abdelrazik, Ahmed (Springer, Cham, 2024-05-11)
    Culinary art is one of the most ancient forms of cultural expression, where there are abundant types of food with different and unique tastes in this world. Although Saudi Arabia is an extensive country with diverse nationalities, and each has its unique taste in food, it has few culinary art academies. In addition, those academies are limited in activities. Culinary art academy will allow people to exchange culture; they will be able to communicate and mingle with multi-nationalities in Saudi Arabia. In addition, students interested in this field can make their career where they can get a degree in culinary arts and learn from and interact with the finest culinary professionals through this multicultural opportunity. Moreover, the culinary arts industry benefits the owner financially through the establishment's reputation and the students who study or visit it. From the perspective of interior design, this paper highlights the importance of this multicultural academy. In addition to the literature review, the case study analysis and the conducted survey studies and discusses the fundamental interior design requirements that should be formulated when establishing and designing this kind of academy. Throughout the paper, the qualitative approach will be used to examine the precision of the suggested hypotheses, leading to clear outcomes and results.
  • Interior Design Standards of a Non-medical Rehabilitation Centers

    Gharib, Shatha; Abdelrazik, Ahmed; No Collaboration; NA; 1; 0; Design; 0; Abdelrazik, Ahmed (Springer, Cham, 2024-05-11)
    There are plenty of studies highlighted that the interior design of any place can affect the psychology and the mood of humans. Therefore, building and designing an environment to help in psychological healing, as a non-medical environment, will lead to a healthy society. Thus, there is a real need for any healthy society to provide rehabilitation resorts that combines psychological rehab centers and resorts entertainment activities. Firstly, the psychological rehab center is a specialized place within psychology that focuses on studying and applying psychological skills and knowledge on behalf of individuals with chronic health conditions and disabilities to maximize health and welfare, choice and independence, functional abilities, and social role participation across the lifespan. In addition, psychologists are uniquely trained and specialized in engaging in various activities, including consultation, clinical practice, program development, public policy, and advocacy related to persons with disability and chronic health conditions, teaching and education, training, and administration. Secondly, the resort is where people frequently go on holidays to relax and rest. Hence, the rehabilitation resort is a non-medical place that simultaneously provides the rehab center and resort services for people interested in psychological healing, self-development, and improving relationships. It will help society to be healthiest. Interior design affects humans through various aspects due to the physical and psychological human differences each person receives, perceives, interacts with, and responds to differently. Based on this, the paper’s main idea is investigating the impact of interior design on humans’ mental health to help increase society’s quality of life performance. However, the lack of psychiatric centers and clinics in any society has disregarded or did not give value to the interior design and the spaces of the place, seeing it as an incremental condition. This paper focuses on the psychological section for non-psychiatric patients. It aims to merge and find the relationship between interior design and healthy mental life to develop space planning and the facilities of the given space.
  • Preservation and Exchange the Saudi Cultural Identity Through the Interior Design of Arts and Crafts Centers

    Abdelrazik, Ahmed; Bin Darani, Lujain; No Collaboration; NA; 1; 0; Design; 0; Abdelrazik, Ahmed (Springer, Cham, 2024-05-11)
    Arts are surrounded humans—whether they realize this or not—where they used to be involved in this creative process of building things into existence. Indeed, the process of crafting is a historical heritage and a symbol that comes from any nation’s culture. Despite the rich diversity in Saudi culture and its various arts, it has recently begun to appear larger and wider. This is mainly due to the growing awareness within the Kingdom and the increased presence in many regional and international cultural events. In harmony with the architectural idea, the interior design of the arts and crafts centers is the core environment to exchange culture and art expression and preserve and modernize those arts and crafts. These centers usually include handmade crafts exhibitions and provide workshops for pottery, wood, textiles, and fine arts. So, this paper aims to highlight the role of the interior design of these types of centers as the environment to preserve and exchange the culture, focusing on traditional arts and handicrafts. The paper is mainly based on the qualitative approach, which starts with the literature review and discussing the practicing, studying, and demanding the arts and crafts, then analyzing two different examples of the social-cultural and the handicrafts centers, then ends with a survey study to investigate the Saudis’ subjective points of view about this kind of centers.
  • Temporarily Sleeping Pods for Hajj

    Khalifa, Sajid; Noorsaeed, Eshrag; Design
    This study is discussing the situation of Hajj residence in mecca and propose a solution to improve it by incorporating the Hotel Capsules concept to create a new design suitable for the situation in Hajj residents. Hajj is a Muslim religious practice that involves a series of rituals that take place around Mecca (in modern day Saudi Arabia) every year. Pilgrims stay in tents in a limited space with little privacy which produces additional problems of difficulties maintaining the residence clean and organized during pilgrims’ stay. The information was gathered through an online survey and interview as well as from observations and experience. The results show that the Hajj capsules will improve residence conditions in hajj. This information can encourage researchers to have further developments and improvement and receive the support of organizations and the public. Several limitations are found in the study, the research is based on surveys and interviews. Therefore, they are subject to biases. Also, the limited time frame resulted in our having an insufficient sample size. Further studies should be conducted over a wider time frame.
  • Jeddah Theme Park

    Khalifa, Sajid; Alnaqeb, Muna; Design
  • Ergonomics of Baby Carrier

    Khalifa, Sajid; Alshareif, Ghaidaa; Design
    The study concerns the Baby Carrier's Ergonomics on the current baby carriers in the market, scopes, and issue statements are defined with an overall design Model review. There are many baby carriers on the market these days including; baby slings, baby wrap, and baby carrier backpack. Most parents tend to put the baby in the wrong position. The ergonomic carrier allows parents to carry the baby on the front, back, and hip to ensure that the baby is placed in the anatomically correct position for proper spine and hip growth. Many carriers have openings that hang nearly straight down the thighs of the child. It is also important to note that the material selection is vital in order to give the baby and parents comfort. Many carriers have openings nearly straight down where the baby's thighs hang. The material choice will also allow both the baby and their parents feel relaxed. This project aims to examine the dimension of ergonomics in the current baby carriers’ model and review the norm and legal issues related to the layout of babies. Therefore, this need will improve the baby carrier's safety and ergonomics. Benchmarking and anthropometric analysis were often performed to differentiate between three types of baby carrier that are baby sling, baby wrap and backpack carrier in terms of size and ergonomic characteristics.
  • Towards a Framework for the Socio-Spatial- Economic Regeneration of Historical Suqs

    Ibrahim, Asmaa; Alouthah, Deema; Master of Science in Urban Design
    Saudi Arabia has hundreds of heritage places all around its cities. Old Jeddah is one of the most significant places among them. It is known as Albalad, which is rich in heritage and cultural values. In 2014, Albalad was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Since then, the government has begun to promote and regenerate the area to attract visitors and tourists worldwide. In 2022, Prince Mohammed Bin Salman launched a project about revitalizing Historical Jeddah. This project aims to develop the whole historical context, including the old Suqs, to be more socially and economically livable as part of the main objectives of Saudi Vision 2030. These historical Suqs are full of crafts and traditional products surrounding historical buildings. Historical Jeddah suqs include four main ones: The Al-Alawi, Bedouin, Al-khaskiyah, and Nada markets. However, the rapid growth and the emergence of the oil era led to the historic Jeddah deterioration. This deterioration has affected the economic and social aspects of old Suqs. Accordingly, this paper addresses the socio-spatial challenges facing the regeneration of the historic Souq in an attempt to increase the livability of these Suqs to be more attractive not only for tourists but also for residents and typical users. The research will identify different challenges users face inside the Al-Balad region on weekends and weekdays to deduce the best regeneration scenarios. This will ensure the conservation of the historical identity while corresponding to all current needs of all users and tourists and make use of all abandoned spaces and historical buildings included within the historical Suqs. This research methodology conducts a triangulated method using qualitative and quantitative data collection tools. This includes questionnaires in addition to semi-structured interviews that will be managed with traders of Albalad Market and decision-makers. Furthermore, the in-depth on-site observation method shall cover a specific market zone which is Al-Alawi Suq. Finally, the expected result of this research is the deduction of a framework for regenerating the historical Suqs of Albalad to revitalize them socially and economically.
  • The Potentials of Jeddah Neighborhoods to Adopt the Rapid Urban Development Approaches

    Refaat, Ahmed Mohamed; Al-Kesmi, Fatma; Master of Science in Urban Design
    Due to rapid urbanization and the fast pace of urban development, several open spaces experience a lack of unused areas that have a poor design in the development of fulfilling the users' physical and social needs. To enhance these open spaces and promote the quality of life of their users, there is a need to adopt more rapid urban development and transformation approaches rather than traditional ones. Thus, this research explores the potential of adopting rapid urban development approaches to enhance the quality of life in open spaces. To achieve this aim, the researcher investigates two urban development approaches: Tactical Urbanism and Urban Acupuncture. In this sense, the research attempts to identify these approaches’ principles, types of projects/tactics, and constraints. Thus, through a cross-comparison of stakeholders' perspectives, the research highlights the resemblance principles and types of projects that can be adopted to enhance the quality of life in open spaces and the typical constraints that should be addressed, which deduce the mapping of the potential of rapid urban development approaches to enhance the quality of life in Jeddah’s neighborhoods.
  • Urban regeneration for residential open spaces in deteriorated areas in Jeddah

    Mohamed, Mady; Alkhateeb, Azzah; Master of Science in Urban Design
    There are many residential open spaces contains different problems that affect the image of the city. These problems have different dimensions which are physical, social, and environmental conditions that refer to deteriorated urban areas. Urban regeneration as a process seeks to resolve these problems. The definition of urban regeneration is a process of comprehensive vision seeking to resolve urban problems in order to achieve lasting improvement of social, economic, environmental, and physical conditions in area offers opportunities for improvement. Urban regeneration aims to provide opportunities to improve the area conditions and create a sustainable development transformation in the long-term. Thus, it achieves diversity and vitality to enhance the resident's livability, health, safety, and sustainability to be a successful paradigm for city spaces in the future. Urban regeneration as a process promotes inclusive, resilient, safe, and sustainable cities. Urban regeneration conditions are not conflicted, but it is interconnected in nature which is recognized by successful urban regeneration projects. Therefore, it is important to consider the balance to ensure the upward path of the locality in long-term. The social, economic, environmental, and physical conditions influence the decision-makers to find an appropriate solution to resolve the problems of residential open spaces for deteriorated areas. This study aims to analyze the relationship between urban regeneration and sustainable development as a comprehensive vision to be developed residential open spaces for deteriorated areas in Jeddah. The research methodology depends on the triangulated methods and tools. Firstly, an analytical literature review of the principles and criteria of urban regeneration and sustainable urban development is conducted. The precedent analysis is the second method to learn from well-recognized case studies. The third method is the field study which includes site observation and survey. The expected main result of the research is a proposed framework of different factors and
  • Restoring the Human Dimension in Urban Open Spaces in Jeddah Neighborhoods

    Refaat, Ahmed Mohamed; Ghazoliy, Shahd; Master of Science in Urban Design
    The impact of fast transformations and globalization on urban development endangers the quality of urban life. As a result, cities have lost their primary role, which is that cities must serve their residents. Also, the towns became dependent on cars, leading to the loss of the human dimension and negatively affecting the quality of life. Thus, there is a need to restore the human dimension of urban open spaces through a balanced and healthful relationship between human being and their cities. From this position, this research aims to identify an appropriate framework contributing to restoring the human dimension in residential open spaces and promoting a better quality of life for the residents. The research addresses two main approaches: the quality of life and the humanizing city, to investigate the relationship between the approaches. The relationship between the quality of life and the humanizing city approach helps to deduce a theoretical framework from the common principles. In addition, the research uses a quantitative method which is a questionnaire, to explore the stakeholders' opinions about the importance of these principles. Then the collected data was analyzed through a computer program to determine their relative weight. The research ended with an appropriate framework to restore the human dimension and enhance the quality of life in the open public spaces within Jeddah city neighborhoods. In addition, set a group of recommendations for the stakeholders to promote the human dimension and increase the rate of quality of life.
  • Baby Car Seat

    Kassab, Ahmed; Taib, Marwah; Architecture
    Children Safety and protection have always been parents' number one priority in all matters; therefore, they are willing to do anything to make sure these aspects are taken into consideration while buying a product. Thus, in this case the focus will mainly be on the safety and protection of children when they are in a vehicle. Based on statistics, over the years the most common cause of death in children under the age of 15 is due to unintentional injury, and the most common cause of unintentional injury cases are car accidents. This evidence alone was more than enough of a reason to develop a brand-new baby car seat which offers a solution to such a problem. Baby car seat is a seat designed specifically to protect children from various fatal injuries or even death during potential vehicle collisions. The primary aim of baby car seats is to provide protection and comfort However, there is always a way of improvement to create a higher level of safety for children. The purpose of this research is to design a baby car seat that ensures safety and protection by creating a smart shield system. Not only that but also it will provide interactive entertainment and education for the baby via digital screen or toys. Another important thing is that it will offer the parent the ability to check on their kids easily even while they are on the road, driving. To reach these goals there will be several methodologies to collect the needed data. For example, market study, qualitative and quantitative researches as well as case studies. Based on the research outcomes, the product features will be identified and farther analyzed in order to develop the product design brief and specification, substantially a product prototype is expected to come into existence.
  • Arts and Crafts Cultural Exchange Center

    Abdelrazik, Ahmed; Bin Darani, Lujain; Design
    Crafting is a historical tradition and a cultural emblem that is present in all cultures. Saudi arts and culture are rich and diverse, but it is only recently that they have started to look larger. The aim of this research is to research deeper about the cultural centers that tackles arts and crafts. And merging the idea of cultural exchange in it. To find interior design solutions that support such a place and back up the comfort, accessibility, and demand for such center. First the research focused on gathering literature that supports the importance and attentiveness towards the center. Processed to find data that discuss the best solution to toward an educational and entertainment center. Moving forward, the paper analyzed precedent case study of similar centers in function. And gathering qualitative data of survey, interview, building codes and standard dimensions. Lastly, after gathering all information needed to make initial programming and matrix regarding the zones of the center.
  • Fiji beach resort

    Abdelrazik, Ahmed; Jaad, Leen; Design
  • Interiors of Sport Campus

    Abdelrazik, Ahmed; Krimly, Ayah; Design
    Every human life requires sport in some way. Every stage of life benefits greatly from it as well. Mainly because frequent participation in several activities keeps our bodies in good shape and fortifies our hearts. Sport practicing has many benefits, whether it is a passion or a profession. It has a significant impact on the economic, political, and cultural aspects of our society. Through sport practicing humans can get rid of everyday stress and make connections with each other. Tourism and its profitability can easily increase by holding sporting events. For all Saudis to routinely exercise or take part in sports, hundreds of facilities have been built around the Kingdom. Thus, the availability of sports camps is crucial, particularly for those who are young and want to preserve their physical fitness and health. Additionally, it might aid in their athletic skill development. Sports camps organize a variety of healthy and recreational activities and give kids and teenagers sports instruction. Sports are valued at all educational levels in Saudi Arabia, from kindergarten to university. For athletes just starting out, they also provide advanced instruction to help them improve their abilities and get ready to compete against professionals. The main objective of sports camps is to improve skills, but it goes deeper than that. For instance, developing relationships with various people, picking up new skills, and maintaining an active, healthy lifestyle are extra benefits a person can obtain. Although these efforts, some athletes struggle to find someone who can guide them effectively because there are not enough proper gym facilities. For example, due to lack of training, some athletes have poor motor skills, insufficient conditioning, undeveloped and unrefined talents. There are some clubs that train them, but they are not known or approved. Although there is King Abdullah Sports City in Jeddah and the General Presidency for Youth Welfare (GPYW) stadium in Riyadh, they are primarily used for sporting events. Athletes are not trained there. There are many football centers that help athletes become professional as it is the most popular sport in Saudi Arabia. So, finding a facility that supports professionalism in other sports is rather. Through many existed cases (places), this paper is mainly to highlight the importance of sports in society and how interior design can meet the needs of athletes and solve most of their problems. The main goal is therefore to design sports facilities that serve athletes where some athletes have difficulty finding effective support due to the lack of adequate exercise facilities and suitable designed spaces or services.
  • Talween

    Abdelrazik, Ahmed; Almuhanna, Rozana; Design
    We are surrounded by color in everything from the clothes we wear to the vehicles we drive to the food we consume to the surrounding living things. It is a powerful tool tied, to culture, it affects how we feel, draws our attention, and facilitates interpersonal communication. The paper idea is to do color center that’s aware people how it is significant in our daily lives and how we react to the world around us. This paper an attempt to study the influence the positive and negative on the interior spaces. The suggest Color Center helps people select anything related to colors, such as food, clothes, and place if they want to take advice from interior design. This paper will look at how color effect in our life human emotion, consumer behavior, marketing, the cognitive performance, and interior design.
  • Mayl Culinary Arts Academy

    Abdelrazik, Ahmed; AlJishi, Reem; Design
    Saudi Arabia has few culinary art academies. However, those academies are limited in activities. Therefore, this research will present an interior design capstone project of the culinary arts academy. Culinary arts are one of the most ancient forms of cultural expression. More people are pursuing the desire to manage a kitchen than ever. Therefore, this research is illustrated through several stages, from the project overview to the literature review and case studies related to culinary arts to be analyzed. A survey was conducted to confirm the importance of this project from the environmental point of view, in addition to helping know the suitable interior design atmosphere and the importance of creating a universal design.
  • Mako Kayak

    Shaker, Salma; Shaker, Salma; Shaker, Salma; Shaker, Salma; No Collaboration; Environmental Design of Buildings Lab; 0; 0; Design; 0; et al. (Salma Shaker, 2021-07-13)
    This kayak will be a hybrid between the ocean kayak and the transparent kayak, it will take the best of both worlds. Taking the strong form of the ocean kayak and the fun of the transparent kayak. This sport is a very exciting sport that is loved by many, and should evolve more that already has. We will be using many different research methods, we will be interviewing different type of people like; people with successful kayak business, also regular kayak users. We will be doing a survey that will be answered by over 200 people that will let us know what the people desire in the kayaking industry right now. After knowing what the people want, there will be a sketching and designing phase, then the prototype, models, manufacturing process and lastly the expected result is to have a functioning kayak with a new idea that hasn’t been done before .

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