Investigating the relationship between neighborhood urban design and sick neighborhood syndrome
Urban Heat Island
ick Neighborhood Syndromes
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AbstractThe neighborhood has become the focus of attraction of urban planners, designers, and architects. Over the last two decades, the field of study of the neighborhood and its relationship with health has witnessed an explosion of interest. Several researchers investigated neighborhood problems and its impacts on well-being. Different urban problems vary in mental and physical health impacts. Lots of cross-sectional researches linked the characteristics of neighborhood whether physical or social to the health condition of the community. Furthermore, heart disease, skin disorder, cancer diabetes, depression, and drug use are some of the health problems that an individual might face while living in an insufficient neighborhood particularly in harsh climate conditions. In a desert climate, thermal bad performance can lead to urban problems such as the well-known phenomenon "Urban Heat Island (UHI)". The later can lead to several illness syndromes for residents. Reviewing the literature revealed a gap in the knowledge of the detailed relationship between urban design elements and sick health syndrome. The thesis aims to build a framework of the neighborhood design elements and its interconnection with illness syndromes. Similar to the Sick Building Syndrome (SBS), the paper introduces a new term which is “Sick Neighborhood Syndrome” (SNS). This research follows the scientific approach with multi- research methods. The study follows three steps. These are: analytical literature review, record fact from the field, and numerical analysis. The analytical literature review is done to collect data and information to build a framework about neighborhood urban design and its relationship with sick neighborhood syndrome. A selected district from Jeddah is investigated and analyzed through recording facts from the field. Observation and survey are the main tools of the field study. Furthermore, the numerical analysis is the last step that employees different software, these are Space—syntax, and Envi-met. This aids the research to reach its final results and to validate the relationship between neighborhood design elements and sick syndromes. The research includes five main chapters (Table1-1). Chapter one introduces the entire thesis. Chapter two and three review and analyze the literature to achieve the second objective of the thesis “build a theoretical framework of neighborhood elements and sick neighborhood syndrome”. Chapter four focuses on the field study and the numerical analysis. Chapter five summarize the results and set some recommendations for government design makers and urban designers. V Al-shati district in Jeddah was selected for the field study. The research relies on subjective assessment and the numerical analysis to analyze the case study. Space-syntax and En-vimet are employed for the analysis. Space-syntax examines the accessibility, connectivity, and walkability in the neighborhood, while Envi-met examines the environmental features. Two clusters in Al- shati district are examined to compare and investigate the effect of the built environment on neighborhood performance. The survey results confirmed the analysis results of numerical analysis. Also, it explores the life habits and health of the residents and its relation to the thermal and built environment. Two forms of survey were used, one for experts and another one for the neighborhood residents
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Sick Neighborhood Syndromes in Hot Dry ClimateMohamed, Mady; Elessawi, Widad; El-Shafie, Mervat; Alwaer, Husam; External Collaboration; Urben Design Lab; Master of Science in Urban Design; 1; Elessawi, Widad (Springer International Publishing, 2023-01-02)The neighborhood has become the focus of attraction of urban planners, designers and architects. Over the last two decades, the field of study of the neighborhood and its relationship with health has witnessed an explosion of interest. Several researchers investigated neighborhood problems and its impacts on well-being. Different urban problems vary in mental and physical health impacts. A lot of longitudinal and cross-sectional research linked the characteristic of neighborhood whether physical or social to the health condition of the community. Furthermore, heart disease, skin disorder, cancer diabetes, depression and drug use are some of the health problems that an individual might face while living in an insufficient neighborhood particularly in harsh climate conditions. In desert climate, thermal low performance can lead to urban problems such as the well-known phenomenon “Urban Heat Island (UHI)”. The later can lead to several illness syndromes for residents. Reviewing the literature revealed a gap in the knowledge on the detailed relationship between the urban design elements and the sick health syndrome. This paper discusses the negative impact of the neighborhood design elements and its interconnection with illness syndromes. Similar to the Sick Building Syndrome (SBS), the paper introduces a new term to define the relationship between the urban design elements and the sick health syndromes which is “Sick Neighborhood Syndrome” (SNS).
Energizing Street Life of Urban Neighborhoods: Qualitative Narratives Versus Quantitative MetricsKashef, Mohamad; Architecture (2021)This study examines a multitude of built environment attributes that potentially work together to energize urban neighborhood street life. It analyzes the impact of mixed-use and street network arrangements on pedestrian presence in the public realm. The study investigates pertinent land use and street network indices as well as spatial analysis techniques that rationalize active street configurational requisites. Mixed-use evenness and distribution, street network connectivity, and space syntax tools are explained with an eye on their utility in planning and designing active urban streets. The analytical approach of this study shifts the discourse from a focus on aesthetic considerations of the built environment to an integrated theoretical framework that underscores the dialectical dynamics between built environment and individuals. The study ultimately aims to establish a planning/design agenda that potentially guides the assessment and development of active urban neighborhood streets. Keywords: Neighborhood design, mixed-use, urban grain, smart growth, street network walkability, space syntax, active streets
Sustainable socio-cultural guidelines for neighborhood design in JeddahMohamed, Mady; Al-Khateeb, Samah; Fatani, Khadijah A.; Graduate Studies and Research (2016)The population growth and the urban neighborhood development in the cities around the world are inevitable. Today, many neighborhoods around the world are suffering from several problems. These problems affected the culture, social interaction, economic aspects as well as environmental impacts. Accordingly, urban development should address social and cultural aspects of each particular community within the environmental and economical context. The current research aims at developing a set of design guidelines that promotes the concept of socially sustainable neighborhoods in Saudi Arabia. Nowadays, several rating systems and urban design codes around the world set guidelines for urban design development and particularly in neighborhood design. LEED (Leadership of Environment and Energy design) for neighborhood design, and QSAS (Qatar Sustainability Assessment System); are examples of these rating system. The research problem is; these rating systems cannot be applied in the context of Saudi Arabia without considering its local social and cultural aspects. The research resulted as a reaction to the abbreviation of socio- cultural aspects in neighborhood design approaches. The research is depending on an analytical review of different neighborhood design approaches and case studies. Also, subjective data is being collected from experts and professionals about their points of view and their recommendations regarding neighborhood design for Jeddah city. The result of the research is a set of design v guidelines that consists of design principles adjusted to fit the context of Saudi Arabia (Jeddah City). The formulated guidelines are adapted and tested in an evaluation application of two residential neighborhoods in Jeddah city. This application validated the proposed design guidelines. Considering the proposed design guidelines; in the design process of Jeddah's neighborhoods, will promote a leading approach to the concept of socially sustainable neighborhoods in the kingdom.