Recent Submissions

  • Millennials’ perceived concerns on air travel post COVID-19

    Balfaqih, Hasan; Balfaqih, Hasan; Mahyoub, Raghd; Almeshal, Mashael; Alksibiri, Abrar; Almoalad, Hammdah; Saleh, Raneem; Supply Chain Management
    As a result of the COVID-19 epidemic, all air travel was prohibited and came to a complete halt. This might have raised questions about the safety of flying and if it is still worthwhile. It is crucial for the aviation sector to be aware of these worries and work to reduce them so that people can fly again without feeling uncomfortable. In addition, research on whether other generations are more concerned or whether the issues vary between generations is advised as a topic for future study. Researching if Millennials' worries and desire to fly alter after they have had their first flight following the pandemic is also advised. The ongoing COVID-19 outbreak has badly impacted the aviation sector. The desire for air travel has significantly decreased because of various travel restrictions and the worry of contracting the virus. The epidemic has caused many individuals to question how safe flying is and whether it is worthwhile. Making flying as secure as possible is essential to reviving the aviation sector and encouraging people to fly once more. There may be a chance for air travel to begin to rebound now that vaccination rates are rising globally. As a result, it's critical to recognize and work to allay any fears people may have about flying to draw in more passengers. The global economy includes a sizable portion of the travel and tourism sector. It significantly boosts the world's gross domestic product, which was calculated to be 10.3% in 2019. Additionally, it plays a significant role in job creation; as a result, one in ten jobs globally in 2019 was associated with the travel and tourism sector. The number of visitors from abroad has only been rising; it increased by 5% in 2018 over 2017. Although the business has had tremendous expansion recently, it has also been exposed to numerous disasters over the years, which has led to economic uncertainty. The purpose of this survey is to learn how safe Millennials believe flying to be in the wake of COVID-19 and whether they would be willing to take leisurely international flights again. The goal is to identify potential COVID-19 risk factors that Millennials may consider when taking leisure flights in a post-pandemic era. The secondary goal is to identify the safety precautions that Millennials value most and that would encourage them to fly once more. The research's focus group consists of Finnish-based Millennials who have not traveled abroad for pleasure during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Post-COVID-19 families How early educators facilitate socio-emotional development in their students during the COVID-19 pandemic.

    Balfaqih, Hasan; Balfaqih, Hasan; Hayeedureh, Eman; Ameer, Maha; Nawal, Hibah; Ahmed, Sadal; Supply Chain Management
    Early teacher actions known to promote social and emotional development have been disrupted by the COVID-19 virus due to its mechanism of transmission and necessary modifications. In an early care and education (ECE) environment during the COVID-19 pandemic, this study evaluates the level of professional development, perceived stress, comfort with safety precautions, and quarantine status connected to teachers' social-emotional development practices (SEDP). The quantitative strategy used a survey questionnaire that was delivered via email and WhatsApp A cross-sectional survey of 100 Saudi Arabian university students and teachers between the ages of 21 and 50 years old . Both English and Arabic versions of Google Forms were used to complete the survey. Before the poll was made public, the questions were revised and adjusted to make sure they were all topical and understandable. The findings of the poll were analyzed using Google Forms and Excel, as well as messaging programs and social media word-of-mouth. It was feasible to collect summarized statistical data thanks to these two technologies. The results of each participant's response were then shown as percentages and figures. Charts were used to convert percentages and frequencies into visual forms using indicators. The findings showed a strong correlation between higher social and emotional development practices and high levels of comfort with safety activities. Additionally, there is a statistically significant link between instructors' levels of stress and an increase in the use of social and emotional development techniques. These findings suggest that early educators' SEDPs and their levels of stress and well-being throughout the COVID-19 epidemic.
  • Key Success Factors That Play a Role in the Management and Development of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in this COVID-19 Pandemic

    Balfaqih, Hasan; Balfaqih, Hasan; Alahmadi, Nada; Baqays, Lujain; Khard, Fatimah; Bohairy, Lenh; Alhattami, Mayar; Supply Chain Management
    A new virus called Covid-19 belongs to the same virus family as a severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). In 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared it a worldwide pandemic. As the number of instances increased, the world's population's adaptability to dealing with the pandemic became clear. These adjustments included eliminating close contact with people, donning masks, keeping high-touch surfaces consistently clean, and refraining from expressing affection through hugs and handshakes. Thus, the changes impacted not only people's personal lives but also enterprises (Klutse, 2022). Small and medium-sized businesses (SMEs) are crucial. The SME sector fosters entrepreneurship, supports economic growth, reduces poverty and hunger, and creates job opportunities. But the outbreak of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic drastically altered the business landscape. COVID-19 has had a significant impact on SMEs and endangers their survival. Therefore, the goal of this study was to identify the key success factors (KSFs) for creating and overseeing SMEs after COVID-19. Although there are many KSFs for growing and managing SMEs, this study focused on five in particular as being crucial for their growth and management post-COVID-19: 1) strategic planning, 2) human resources, 3) finance, 4) operations, and 5) marketing. The target population was SMEs in Jeddah, KSA, and the sample size was 108 participants. The study used a random online questionnaire with fifteen closed-ended questions in a quantitative method to determine the KSFs for SMEs to the greatest extent possible. The descriptive and inferential statistics, which are presented in tables and figures, were provided by the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). The study's findings showed how important each of the chosen factors is to ensuring SME development and management after COVID-19. The study is significant because it gives entrepreneurs practical information about SMEs' success in a post-COVID-19 market (Mhlungu, 2021).
  • Understanding Online Fast Fashion Evaluative Cues Used by Saudi Arabian Consumers

    Balfaqih, Hasan; Balfaqih, Hasan; AlHashedi, Maya; Rizk, Lamar; BinHashr, Lama; AlSharif, Leen; AlHarbi, Mariam; Supply Chain Management
    One of the physical forms of expressing one’s style and personality is through the way they dress up. For this reason, the fashion industry is one of the most globalized industries. The fashion industry is constantly evolving due to the influences of society, the economy, and technology (Gazzola et al., 2020; McNeil & Moore, 2015). Over the past few decades, the manufacturing of clothing and jewelry has become fast-paced; this model was later coined as fast fashion. The term “Fast Fashion” describes the clothing supply chain model that mass produces clothing using inexpensive and low-quality materials (Zamani et al., 2017). This fast-paced model is intended to design, manufacture, and vend the recently trending clothes to keep up with the consumer’s demand. The fast fashion model was first introduced by Amancio Ortega and Rosalia Mera, founders of the company Zara (Tokatli, 2007), and later adopted by other retailers such as SheIn, H&M, and Forever 21 because it was efficient in maximizing their profit. However, the mass production of clothing is believed to be not environmentally friendly. Also, it is becoming increasingly common for consumers to make purchases online rather than in physical stores. Online stores are now accessible anywhere, anytime, from any location with an internet connection. There is a greater range of product choices available to consumers, as well as the ease of switching between retailers (Ha et al., 2007). This study aims is to explore more on the consumers’ decision-making process when purchasing online. Additionally, it aims to investigate whether the COVID-19 quarantine influenced people's buying decisions, and what effects did it have? The study is significant because of its contribution to making individuals understand the factors that influences a customer’s choice of buying. It is alarming how popular and how widely spread they have become. Therefore, it is beneficial to learn what made consumers shift from physical stores to online stores, such as the fact that people are no longer comfortable interacting with others in person. The aim of this research study identifies the understanding of fast fashion online between Generations Y and Z after COVID19 in Saudi Arabia. The research was conducted through a quantitative survey questionnaire of respondents in Saudi Arabia to understand the differences between both generations of Y and Z toward fast fashion after COVID19. The data collected from this study provides the basis for continued study on the demographic of Y and Z customers and their decision processes when purchasing fast fashion online. In conclusion this research portrayed the results of these categories, and it concluded that Generation Z value more fast fashion after covid 19 than Generation Y.