EEG Signal based Schizophrenia Recognition by using VMD Rose Spiral Curve Butterfly Optimization and Machine Learning
AuthorSibghatullah I Khan
Mian Qaisar, Saeed
Alberto López Martínez
Francisco Ferrero Martín
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AbstractSchizophrenia is a mental illness that can negatively impact a patient's mental abilities, emotional propensities, and the standard of their private and social lives. Processing EEG data has evolved into a useful tool for tracking and identifying psychological brain states. In this framework, this paper focus on developing an automated approach for recognizing schizophrenia using non-invasive EEG signals. The EEG signals are segmented and onward decomposed by using the Variational Mode Decomposition (VMD). Each mode is termed a variational mode function (VMF). Onward, features from each intended VMF are mined based on a Rose Spiral Curve (RSC). The mined features are concatenated to present an instance. Afterward, the most pertinent features are selected using the Butterfly Optimization Algorithm (BOA). The selected feature set is conveyed to the classification module. Two classification approaches are applied in this study namely, the k-nearest neighbor (k-NN) and Random Forest (RF). The applicability is tested by using a publicly available EEG schizophrenia dataset. The highest accuracy of 89.0 % is secured for the case of RF.
DepartmentElectrical and Computer Engineering